[X] Close


Xoloitzcuintli (Mexican Hairless)

Xoloitzcuintli Mexican Hairless dogsAlthough the Xoloitzcuintli (pronounced SHOW-low-eats-QUEENT-lee), also known as the Xolo or Mexican Hairless, is one of the world’s oldest breeds – it has been around for more than 3,500 years – it didn’t made its Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show debut until 2012.

According to the American Kennel Club (AKC), the Xoloitzcuintli got its unusual name from a combination of the names of  the Aztec Indian god Xolotl and the Aztec word for dog, which is “Itzcuintli.”

These calm, warm-skinned dogs have a historic reputation for being healers. The AKC notes they are frequently used in remote Mexican and Central American villages “to ward off and cure ailments like  rheumatism, asthma, toothache and insomnia. Xolos were also believed to safeguard the home from evil spirits and intruders.”

There are three Xolo sizes – toy, miniature and standard – and they may be either hairless or have a short, flat coat.


  • Calm and tranquil
  • Aloof to strangers
  • Very intelligent
  • Excellent companion dogs


  • Toy: 5-15 pounds; Miniature: 15-30 pounds; Standard: 25-40 pounds
  • Toy: 9-14 inches tall at the withers (shoulders); Miniature: 15-20 inches; Standard: 20-30 inches

Family & Home Life

  • According to the Dog Breed Info Center, all family members should participate in leadership, rearing, training and feeding so the Xolo doesn’t become attached to one family member
  • Thrive when given something to do
  • Escape artists, they need a secure, fenced yard
  • An excellent dog for arthritis sufferers, as their bodies radiate warm, soothing heat
  • Also a good choice for allergy sufferers since they don’t produce dander

Training & Exercise

  • Because of their intelligence, may be stubborn when it comes to training
  • Moderate exercise needs


  • The hairless variety may have tufts of short, coarse hair on the top of the head, feet and the lower part of the tail
  • The coated variety has a short, smooth, dark coat that may be black, gray, red, liver or bronze
  • Some coats have white spots and markings


  • Easy to care for since they don’t shed, or have dander or fleas
  • For hairless varieties, be careful not to overbathe because it strips skin of natural oils
  • In colder climates, they may need to wear a sweater
  • Light-colored hairless Xolos may need to wear sunscreen outdoors


  • Very hardy with no breed-related health concerns
  • Some are sensitive to drugs and anesthesia


  • 15-20 years


PHOTO: Shmigget

i Love Dogs, Inc.

i Love Dogs, Inc.’s three websites – ilovedogs.com, ilovedogfriendly.com and findavet.us – provide information and up-to-the-minute news to keep pet parents aware of all things dog. A premium canine vitamins and lifestyle company, i Love Dogs is famous for its line of diamond dog collars. The name says it all — at i Love Dogs, we are committed to the health and happiness of our canine companions.

More Posts - Website

Follow Me:

May 10, 2006 By : Category : i LOVE DOGS BREEDS T-Z Toy Tags:
| | |

0 Comment Print

The Dog Park