Brushing your dog is a daily necessity for some long-haired breeds. But even if you have a short-haired dog, brushing her can provide benefits for you both.
First and foremost, brushing obviously removes tangles from your dog’s coat. Small knots and tangles can lead to painful matting, which will then need to be cut out by your vet or a professional groomer. Brushing will also remove dirt and debris from your dog’s coat.
Brushing distributes protective and nourishing oils through your dog’s coat, helping to keep her skin healthy and fur shiny. It also helps keep shedding under control. Furthermore, the time you spend brushing your dog can be special bonding time for you both.
Short and smooth
Dogs with short and smooth coats do not need much brushing – once a week is enough. This will help remove shedding fur, dirt and dead skin cells, and will stimulate nourishing oils and disperse them throughout the coat.
A grooming glove with a rubber palm area is good for smooth-coated dogs. The bumps will collect the dead hair while also giving your dog a nice massage. Alternatively, use a bristle brush. Start from the head and work your way to the tail, brushing in the direction of the hair.
Smooth-coated breeds include: Dalmatian, Basset Hound, Weimaraners, Pointers, Pugs, Dobermans, Bulldog, Labradors, Greyhounds, Beagles, American Pit Bull, Staffordshire Terrier, Boston Terrier, Boxer, short-haired Chihuahua, Fox Terrier-smooth, Great Dane, Miniature Pinscher, Rottweiler, etc.
Breeds such as Yorkies with their coats kept unclipped need a lot of attention to keep their long, silky coats in top condition and free from matts.
Start by brushing out tangles with a pinhead brush. Then use a bristle brush to make the coat shiny. You may want to part the hair in the middle, brushing downwards on either side.
Long-haired dogs need daily brushing. Start with a pinhead brush to untangle matting, but remember, never cut matts out with scissors. Use a wide-tooth comb to finish.
To assist with shedding, brush double-coated dogs once a day with a firm bristle brush. Daily brushing is essential, as matts will form in the undercoat, which are painful against your dog’s skin.
Double-coated breeds include: Collies, Malamutes, Keeshond, Husky, Akita, Chows, Pomeranian, Samoyed, etc.
A brushing 2-3 times a week will help keep wiry coats free of tangles. A stiff brush is best for wire-coated dogs. Brushing will not make the coat soft and silky, as wiry coats are meant to be rough
Wire-haired breeds include: Wire-haired Dachshund, Fox Terrier-wire, Irish Terrier, Scottish Terrier, Brussels Griffon, West Highland White Terrier, Affenpinscher, etc.
Brushing curly coats tends to turn the curls to frizz, so it is best to brush only during the shedding seasons, though regularly so. Curly coats can tend to be dry, so you may want to spray your dog with a conditioning spray before brushing to avoid breakage.
Curly breeds include: Curly-coated Retriever, Poodle, Poodle crosses, Bichon Frise, Komondor, Irish Water Spaniel, etc.